Building a Lab
Table of Contents
- This page is supposed to be a collection of resources for building a lab for performing various security related tasks. Generally, the idea is that you setup a local VM hypervisor software(VMware, Virtualbox) and then install a virtual machine to perform testing and analysis without any impact to your "physical" machine.
VM Hypervisor Software
- Internet Explorer Windows Vista through 10 Virtual Machines
- Windows Server Evaluation ISOs
- Vulnhub is a website dedicated to cataloging various vulnerable VMs from across the web. It also has a healthy community that creates and submits new VMs on a regular basis. As I write this now, I believe there is around 100 or so different VMs on Vulnhub, so you have a bit of variation.
Automated Lab/Machine Creation Tools
- Security Scenario Generator (SecGen)](https://github.com/cliffe/SecGen)
- SecGen creates vulnerable virtual machines so students can learn security penetration testing techniques. Boxes like Metasploitable2 are always the same, this project uses Vagrant, Puppet, and Ruby to create randomly vulnerable virtual machines that can be used for learning or for hosting CTF events.
- Vagrant & Packer scripts to build a lab environment complete with security tooling and logging best practices. This lab has been designed with defenders in mind. Its primary purpose is to allow the user to quickly build a Windows domain that comes pre-loaded with security tooling and some best practices when it comes to system logging configurations. It can easily be modified to fit most needs or expanded to include additional hosts.
- Set up your own malware analysis lab with VirtualBox, INetSim and Burp - Christophe Tafani-Dereeper
CyRIS: Cyber Range Instantiation System
- CyRIS is a tool for facilitating cybersecurity training by automating the creation and management of the corresponding training environments (a.k.a, cyber ranges) based on a description in YAML format. CyRIS is being developed by the Cyber Range Organization and Design (CROND) NEC-endowed chair at the Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST).
- Security Scenario Generator (SecGen)](https://github.com/cliffe/SecGen)
VMs Designed to be Attacked
- List of VMs that are preconfigured virtual machines
The Hacker Games - Hack the VM before it hacks you
- I have talked about counterattacks here before, and this system has implemented a number of aggressive anti-hacker measures. In fact, this VM is downright evil. I am probably legally obligated to tell you that it will try to hack you. So if a calculator or message declaring your pwnedness pops up or shows up on your desktop, you asked for it. But don’t worry, it won’t steal your docs or rm you, it will just demonstrate compromise for the game. To save precious bandwidth, this has been implemented in a minimal tinycore-based VM, and will require VirtualBox to run.
Down by the Docker
- Ever fantasized about playing with docker misconfigurations, privilege escalation, etc. within a container? Download this VM, pull out your pentest hats and get started
- Vulhub - Some Docker-Compose files for vulnerabilities environment
- Down by the Docker
- Very vulnerable ARM application (CTF style exploitation tutorial for ARM, but portable to other platforms)
- An Intentionally Vulnerable Router Firmware Distribution
- Thick Client
Web Application Focused
OWASP Broken Web Applications Project
- OWASP Broken Web Applications Project is a collection of vulnerable web applications that is distributed on a Virtual Machine.
- OWASP Juiceshop
OWASP Damn Vulnerabl Web Sockets
- OWASP Damn Vulnerable Web Sockets (DVWS) is a vulnerable web application which works on web sockets for client-server communication. The flow of the application is similar to DVWA. You will find more vulnerabilities than the ones listed in the application.
Damn Vulnerable Web App
- Damn Vulnerable Web Application (DVWA) is a PHP/MySQL web application that is damn vulnerable. Its main goal is to be an aid for security professionals to test their skills and tools in a legal environment, help web developers better understand the processes of securing web applications and to aid both students & teachers to learn about web application security in a controlled class room environment.
Damn Small Vulnerable Web
- Damn Small Vulnerable Web (DSVW) is a deliberately vulnerable web application written in under 100 lines of code, created for educational purposes. It supports majority of (most popular) web application vulnerabilities together with appropriate attacks.
- django.nV is a purposefully vulnerable Django application provided by nVisium.
- Intentionally Vulnerable node.js application
- Tutorial for Node.js security
- MoneyX is an intentionally vulnerable JSP application used for training developers in application security concepts.
- grails_nV is a vulnerable jobs listing website.
- RailsGoat is a vulnerable version of the Ruby on Rails Framework from versions 3 to 5. It includes vulnerabilities from the OWASP Top 10, as well as some "extras" that the initial project contributors felt worthwhile to share. This project is designed to educate both developers, as well as security professionals.
- File scanner web app (Part 1 of 5): Stand-up and webserver
OWASP DevSlop Project
- collection of DevOps-driven applications, specifically designed to showcase security catastrophes and vulnerabilities for use in security testing, software testing, learning and teaching for both developers and security professionals.
- OWASP Broken Web Applications Project
- Official Documentation
- Building an Effective Active Directory Lab Environment for Testing - adsecurity.org
- Step-By-Step: Setting up Active Directory in Windows Server 2016 - blogs.technet
- Pentest Home Lab - 0x2 - Building Your AD Lab on Premises-SethSec
- Building and Attacking an Active Directory lab with PowerShell - 1337red
- Active Directory Domain Services on the AWS Cloud: Quick Start Reference Deployment - docs.aws
Active Directory Domain Services on AWS
- This Quick Start deploys Microsoft Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) on the AWS Cloud. AD DS and Domain Name Server (DNS) are core Windows services that provide the foundation for many Microsoft-based solutions for the enterprise, including Microsoft SharePoint, Microsoft Exchange, and .NET Framework applications.
- AutomatedLab is a provisioning solution and framework that lets you deploy complex labs on HyperV and Azure with simple PowerShell scripts. It supports all Windows operating systems from 2008 R2 to 2016 including Nano Server and various products like AD, Exchange, PKI, IIS, etc.
- A PowerShell script that aims to have a fully configured domain built in under 10 minutes, but also apply security configuration and hardening.
- Automated deployment of Windows and Active Directory test lab networks. Useful for red and blue teams.
- When you need to simulate a real Active Directory with thousands of users you quickly find that creating realistic test accounts is not trivial. Sure enough, you can whip up a quick PowerShell one-liner that creates any number of accounts, but what if you need real first and last names? Real (existing) addresses? Postal codes matching phone area codes? I could go on. The point is that you need two things: input files with names, addresses etc. And script logic that creates user accounts from that data. This blog post provides both.
- Fake User Generator for Active Directory Environments
- sheepl is a tool that aims to bridge the gap by emulating the behaviour that people normally undertake within a network environment. Using Python3 and AutoIT3 the output can be compiled into a standalone executable without any other dependancies that when executed on an Windows endpoint, executes a set of tasks randomly over a chosen time frame.
- Lab Generation
- To share my modest knowledge about hacking Windows systems. This is commonly refered to as red team exercises. This book however, is also very concerned with the blue team; the defenders. That is, helping those who are working as defenders, analysts and security experts to build secure Active Directory environments and monitor them for malicious activity.
- SANS Webcast: Building Your Own Super Duper Home Lab
Home Lab with pfSense & VMware Workstation - sysadmin perspective
- I wanted to build a virtual lab environment at home that would emulate an office environment. My requirements were to have separate network segments for Clients & Servers, and two DMZ networks. I also wanted my home network, which is external to the virtual lab environment, to emulate the Internet, even though it really isn’t. The following is how I created multiple “named” LAN segments within VMware Workstation, and routed between them using a VM running pfSense, which is an open source firewall.
- Setting Up a Pentest/Hacking Lab with Hyper-V
- Hack Yourself: Building a Test Lab - David Boyd
- Hack-Yourself: Building a pentesting lab for fun & profit
- Setting up a Windows Lab Environment
- Setting Up A Penetration Testing Lab - Rapid7
- Building a Pentest Lab - stan.gr
- The DumpsterFire Toolset is a modular, menu-driven, cross-platform tool for building repeatable, time-delayed, distributed security events. Easily create custom event chains for Blue Team drills and sensor / alert mapping. Red Teams can create decoy incidents, distractions, and lures to support and scale their operations. Turn paper tabletop exercises into controlled "live fire" range events. Build event sequences ("narratives") to simulate realistic scenarios and generate corresponding network and filesystem artifacts.
Pentest Environment Deployer
- This repo provides an easy way to deploy a clean and customized pentesting environment with Kali linux using vagrant and virtualbox.
In the Clouds